Venezuela Weather and Climate
Venezuela is located on the coast in the north of South America. It is the 33rd largest country in the world with a total area of 916,445 square kilometers. Its land area resembles that of a triangle and is larger than France and Germany combined. In the north the country borders on the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, in the east on Guyana, in the south on Brazil and in the southwest and west on Colombia. It also has a number of Caribbean islands and archipelagos, including Margarita Island, La Blanquilla, La Tortuga, Los Roques and Los Monjes.
With more than 10,000 (mostly small) rivers within the national border, the Orinoco is by far the most important river. It is the third longest river in all of South America. Most of the other rivers that rise in the northern mountains flow southeast to Apure. Venezuela’s major lakes include Guri Lake and Lake Maracaibo, South America’s largest lake.
The national capital Caracas is the main center for industry, trade, education and tourism. The population is 28.9 million, while 1.9 million of them live in Caracas alone.
The country’s official language is Spanish. Like most other South American nations, it has no official religion. The majority of the country follows the Roman Catholic religion. Venezuela’s flag is three-colored. It has three even stripes, yellow, blue, and red with a semicircle of stars lying in the middle of the blue stripe. Venezuela’s official currency is the Bolivar Fuerte, which they have been using since 2008. Their currency is pegged to the US dollar to help reduce the rate of inflation.
Climate in Venezuela
Venezuela is a tropical country just above the equator, so temperatures remain constant year-round, with the seasons being determined by humidity. The country can be divided into climatic zones by altitude and landscape.
The dry season around Caracas lasts from December to April, the coolest months are January and February. The dry season in the southeastern region lasts a little longer from November to May. In the Andes, the dry season is from October till May. However, the weather here is unpredictable and the rain can vary greatly at any time and in a single day. The Caribbean coast and islands are generally dry year round, although storms can also be experienced at any time.
The temperatures in Venezuela are consistently warm. In the Caracas area, you can expect the maximum daily temperature to reach 32 degrees. The slightly warmer months are March, April and May when the mercury reaches 33 degrees. Precipitation is highest in July with up to 13 cm of precipitation. As you climb, expect a 12-degree drop in temperature, with the city of Merida only dropping to about 27 degrees. Nighttime temperatures in the Andes can drop as low as 10 degrees in the coolest months (January and February). In other parts of the country, the lowest temperature at night is only 20 degrees.
When is the best time to visit Venezuela?
In general, the dry season is the best time to visit Venezuela. Tourism picks up speed in September and runs at full speed until around the end of April during the comparatively dry weather phase. We recommend the best travel time, especially between Christmas and Easter.
The Caribbean coast is dry year round so it is always worth a vacation, but watch out for unusual storm warnings. If fishing is your thing, the best time to visit Venezuela is right after the rainy season, when the rivers are at their highest and you can see the full power of the falls. For this region, the end of the rainy season is usually the end of October.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Venezuela).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Caracas||January, February, March, September, October and December|
|Ciudad Bolívar||January, February, March, November and December|
|Maracaibo||January, February, March, April and December|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Caracas (Venezuela)
|Daytime temperature||26 ° C||26 ° C||28 ° C||28 ° C||28 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||28 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C|
|Night temperature||15 ° C||15 ° C||16 ° C||17 ° C||18 ° C||18 ° C||17 ° C||17 ° C||17 ° C||17 ° C||17 ° C||16 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||22||11||13||33||81||104||103||111||103||110||90||44|
|Hours of sunshine||8||9||9||7||7||7||8||8||8||8||8||7|
The annual average temperature in Caracas is 21.8 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is May (22.9 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 20.2 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 825 mm on 94 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. You cannot expect snow in any month in Caracas.
As our climate table shows, March is the sunniest month with an average of 8.7 hours of sunshine per day. The average annual sun shines 7.6 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Catia La Mar, Santa Teresa del Tuy, Petare, Los Teques, Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Baruta, Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Baruta, Guarenas, La Guaira, Guatire, Ocumare del Tuy, Cúa and Charallave.
Sights & attractions
Venezuela is a country full of wonderful landscapes. One of the most famous attractions is Angel Falls, the tallest waterfall in the world. Another highlight of the country is the remote nature, which is located in a breathtaking national park, which is the sixth largest in the world.
Not to forget that the country has the longest coastline of the Caribbean Sea, a trip to the idyllic sandy beaches of the offshore islands offers a peaceful experience. Venezuela is also home to the unique organic region of Los Llanos, rich in wildlife and nature. But visitors can also get a taste of Andean life in the historic town of Merida.