Vatican City Weather and Climate
Vatican City is an enclave entirely within the urban area of Rome on the Vatican Hill with an average height of 25 meters above sea level. The climate corresponds to the location in the south of Italy on the 41st parallel with proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. It’s Mediterranean, with dry, hot summers and humid, cool winters. It is determined not only by the proximity of the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west, but also by the first elevations of the Apennines in the east.
The average annual temperature is a mild 15.5 ° C, with an average maximum temperature of 28 ° C being reached in the hottest month of the year, August. The coldest month is February with an average high temperature of 13 ° C and an average low temperature of 3 ° C.
Most precipitation falls with an average of 126 liters each in October and November, the lowest in July with fourteen liters.
In August the sun shines around 10.8 hours a day, in December only 3.3.
Spring in the Vatican is particularly unstable. A lot of cool air is transported from the north when there is frequent low pressure. Nevertheless, it can be very mild with temperatures over 20 ° C. The weather situation stabilizes in summer. The Azores highs are climate-determining here. In autumn, Atlantic disturbances bring rain and wind. In November and December, cold air flows from the northeast to Vatican City. The winter rain is often displaced in February by Siberian highs with strong winds, with the Apennines separating the Tyrrhenian from the Adriatic air masses.
Best travel time for the Vatican
The Vatican is visited all year round. In winter, temperatures don’t drop below freezing too often. However, around Christmas in particular, there can be heavy rainfall, on the other hand, cold winds from the northeast often bring clear skies in addition to low temperatures, because the clouds are already raining down on the Apennines.
The spring is a particularly pleasant travel time, in early spring around Easter however, it may still be quite chilly. Precipitation must always be expected. The ideal month to travel is June, it is warm, not humid, and the weather is usually very stable. July and August are very hot, from mid-September it will be very changeable with rain. But especially at the end of October and in November it can be very mild and warm with ideal weather for sightseeing.