State Route 233 and 318 in Nevada
State Route 233 in Nevada
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State Route 233 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nevada. The road forms a north-south route in the northeast of the state, from Interstate 80 in Oasis to the Utah border. State Route 233 is 55 kilometers long.
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State Route 233 at Oasis.
State Route 233 runs entirely within Elko County. The road begins at the junction with Interstate 80 in the hamlet of Oasis, which consists of just a few buildings and a gas station. The road heads northeast through broad valleys and gradually descends from 1,800 to 1,400 meters, with mountain ranges to the north, east and south. The village of Montello is the only place on the route. The transcontinental railroad here parallels State Route 233. On the north side of the Bonneville Salt Flats, the road ends at the Utah border, from where State Route 30 continues in Utah to Snowville.
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The road was preceded by the First Transcontinental Railroad, the first railroad through Nevada, which ran north around the Great Salt Lake. The road was originally numbered State Route 30, the connecting road in Utah is still numbered that way, although this number was not assigned until 1966. Between 1966 and 1976, both sections had the same number, but the road was renumbered State Route 233 in 1976. The road was paved circa 1963. In 2017, parts of the road, including the slope, were completely swept away by flooding.
Every day 250 to 300 vehicles drive on State Route 233. For a long time the road leads through a very sparsely populated area, even on the Utah side there are no significant places in the far perimeter.
State Route 318 in Nevada
State Route 318 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nevada. The road forms a north-south route in the southeast of the state. The road runs from Crystal Springs to Preston and is an alternate route for traffic between Las Vegas and Ely. State Route 318 is the longest state route in Nevada at 178 kilometers.
State Route 318 at Preston, near US 6.
In the hamlet of Crystal Springs, State Route 318 branches off from US 93, and soon after, State Route 375 branches off. The road heads north through a valley with a little vegetation, but further north the terrain becomes more mountainous and desert. There are actually no places directly on the route, two small hamlets lie just off State Route 318. The road leads through a rugged and lonely desert landscape, with US 93 running parallel east of State Route 318. State Route 318 largely parallels mountain ranges and has no real mountain passes. The road gradually rises from 1,200 to 1,800 meters above sea level on its nearly 180-kilometer route. At the hamlet of Preston the road ends at US 6, 35 kilometers southwest of Ely.
In the 1920s, a dirt county road ran through the valley on the northern half of the route. At that time, the main road was State Route 7 (now US 93), which runs slightly more east. As of the mid-1930s, the northernmost few miles between Lund and US 6 was numbered State Route 38. The remainder of the route was then constructed as an unmaintained county road. By 1937 this northernmost section from Lund was paved, and State Route 38A existed between Crystal Springs and Lund. In 1946 this was renumbered as State Route 38, which was then approximately 190 kilometers long.
By the early 1950s, the southernmost section between Crystal Springs and Hiko was asphalted. However, most of the route, from Hiko to Lund, was a gravel road. From the late 1950s, the northern part was further asphalted, although a fairly long stretch of approximately 50 kilometers between Sunnyside and Lund had been asphalted by 1960. As of July 1, 1976, State Route 38 was renumbered as State Route 318, at the time the road was no further paved than it was in 1960. From 1978 the road was asphalted further south, but it took until about 1981-1982 before the entire road was asphalted.
With the complete asphalting of State Route 318 by 1982, the road became more interesting for north-south traffic from Las Vegas to Ely and beyond. From Crystal Springs to Ely, the combination State Route 318 & US 6 is 62 kilometers and 40 minutes shorter than via the US 93.
Every day, 2,300 vehicles drive between US 93 and Crystal Springs and 1,400 vehicles on the southernmost section between Crystal Springs and Hiko. The intensity then remains stable for a long stretch at 1,500 vehicles per day to Lund and further to US 6.