Sierra Leone Weather and Climate
The area of today’s “Sierra Leone” was colonized in the 15th century by the Portuguese who called it the “Lion Mountains” (Serra Lyoa). There are different explanations for the naming. The Portuguese sailors, with Pedro de Sintra, chose this name because they suspected lions on the Freetown Peninsula: When they drove past the coastal mountains during a thunderstorm, the thunder sounded like a threatening roar of lions. According to another explanation, they named the country that because the coastal mountains are reminiscent of a sleeping lion. Sierra Leone is located on the West African Atlantic coast between 7-10 degrees north and 10-13 degrees west.
Sierra Leone has a land area of 71,740 km². In the northwest, north and northeast it borders on Guinea (francophone) and in the southeast on Liberia. The border with both countries is marked over long distances by rivers. To the southwest and south of Sierra Leone lies the Atlantic Ocean. The national border of Sierra Leone is 958 km long, 652 km of which borders Guinea in the north and Liberia in the south. The length of the coast is 402 km.
The air in Sierra Leone is tropical humid up to 5000 mm per year with precipitation on the coast, where the average temperatures generally between 23 °C and 32 °C are. The year is characterized by a rainy season and a dry season. The rainy season starts in May and ends around September. The dry season is characterized by the sandy and cool desert wind Harmattan and a hot period from February to April. Locally it is spoken of three seasons because of the harmattans, which blow for a few weeks between December and February. Average temperatures in the north of the country in Kabala are 25.5 °C. In the south in Bo they are between 20 °C and 37 °C, on the coast in Freetown between 23 ° C and 32 °C. The coastal climate on the Freetown Peninsula tends to be milder and more pleasant than inland.