Poland Weather and Climate
Poland is a country in Eastern Central Europe with a population of almost 40 million. The capital and largest city of the country is Warsaw with around 1.8 million inhabitants.
In the north, 524 kilometers of the state border borders the Baltic Sea, in the west of Poland lies Germany, in the south lies the Czech Republic and Slovakia, in the east lies Lithuania, Belarus and the Ukraine.
There are six geographically distinct regions in Poland: the Baltic Sea coast in the north, the lowlands (Warsaw Basin and Podlachia), the highlands, the foothills, the high mountains in the south of the country and the ridge landscapes in the southeast.
Poland is a popular travel destination, especially the coastal towns such as Kolobrzeg, Swinoujscie, Gdansk and Gdynia are very popular.
Climate in Poland
The climate in Poland is described as a temperate transitional climate. In the north-west of the country, on the Baltic Sea coast, there is a maritime climate, the summers are humid and moderately warm and the winters are also humid and not too cold. In the east the climate is more continental, the summers are hot and dry and the winters are very cold and snowy. In Warsaw, for example, temperatures of up to 23 degrees are reached in summer.
In winter, temperatures drop to minus 6 ° C. In the east and in the mountains, a lot of snow falls regularly all year round. Precipitation in Poland is generally evenly distributed over the year, but there are some regional differences. Most of the precipitation occurs in the west of the mountains and in south-east Poland falls from December to February extremely much precipitation.
When to go to Poland
Poland is a good year-round destination. Winter – for example in the Tatra Mountains or in the Carpathian Mountains – is very cold and there is usually a lot of snow. For skiers and other winter sports enthusiasts, the best travel time is between December and March. In March it is not quite as cold as in the winter months.
The summer months from June to September are the best time to travel to Poland for a bathing holiday on the Baltic Sea or the Seeplatten, as the temperatures are then very pleasant and bathing is possible without any problems on most days. In autumn the temperatures are mostly mild.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Poland).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Warsaw||May, June, July, August and September|
|Danzig||June, July, August and September|
|Krakow||June, July, August and September|
|Swinoujscie||May, June, July, August and September|
|Kolberg||May, June, July, August and September|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Warsaw (Poland)
|Daytime temperature||-1 ° C||0 ° C||6 ° C||13 ° C||19 ° C||22 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||18 ° C||13 ° C||6 ° C||1 ° C|
|Night temperature||-6 ° C||-5 ° C||-2 ° C||3 ° C||8 ° C||11 ° C||13 ° C||12 ° C||9 ° C||5 ° C||1 ° C||-3 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||24||24||26||34||54||70||73||59||48||35||39||35|
|Hours of sunshine||1||2||4||5||7||8||7||7||5||3||1||1|
The annual average temperature in Warsaw is 7.9 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (18 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -3.4 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 521 mm on 96 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, October, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, June is the sunniest month with an average of 7.9 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines for 4.3 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Mokotów, Praga-Południe, Ursynów, Wola, Bielany, Targówek, Bemowo, Śródmieście and Białołęka.
Highlights and attractions
For city trips in Poland, Warsaw, Wroclaw, Krakow, Gdansk and Auschwitz are very popular places with tourists. There are also many cultural and historical sights, such as the State Museum in Auschwitz-Birkenau, the “Historic Center of Kraków” and the marketplaces in Kraków and Wrocław. In Warsaw you should definitely visit the Old Town and Krakowskie Pzedmiescie or the Lazienki Park. For example, Swinoujscie, Kolberg and Miedzyzdroje on the Baltic Sea are very popular for beach holidays.