Palestine Weather and Climate
With its 6,025 square kilometers (5,660 square kilometers of the West Bank, 365 square kilometers of the Gaza Strip), Palestine is a little more than twice the size of Saarland, the smallest German state. More than eleven times it fits into the largest federal state, Bavaria.
The West Bank borders Israel (307 km) to the north, west and south and Jordan (97 km) to the east. The Gaza Strip borders with Israel (51 km) to the north and east, Egypt (11 km) to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.
The climate in Palestine is generally Mediterranean with a short, wet and cold winter from around mid-December to the end of February (occasionally with snowfall !) And a hot, dry summer in the mountains as a transition zone to the semi-arid (northern Jordan Valley) and arid areas (western of the Dead Sea and the Negev Desert). In the Gaza Strip, the summer is hot and humid and the winter is mild. In Jericho and the entire Jordan Valley, temperatures well above 40 ° C are normal in summer, but the thermometer rarely falls below 10 ° C in winter.
After a prolonged summer drought, the first rain falls around the beginning of October, the last rain in March / April. The annual rainfall is between 660 mm (Nablus) and 166 mm (Jericho). In 2019, precipitation in Nablus exceeded the usual average by 18.2% and in Jenin by 17.1%.