Pakistan Weather and Climate
With around 800,000 square kilometers, Pakistan is twice the size of Germany and Switzerland combined. The country is located in the northwest of the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent and extends from the mountain ranges of the Himalayas and Karakoram 1,600 km to the Indian Ocean. Pakistan shares borders with India, Iran, Afghanistan and China.
The climate of Pakistan is continental with dry and hot summers up to 54 ° C. Where there is enough water, e.g. in the five-stream country Punjab with the largest irrigation system in the world, there is lush fertility, which is in sharp contrast to the deserts of Sindh and the barren mountains and arid plateaus of Baluchistan. The province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa unites all the landscape zones of Pakistan, from the high mountains of the Hindu Kush in the north, over the alpine wooded valleys of Swat and the Hazara division, over the subtropical valley basins of Peshawar and Mardan to the moon-like karst landscapes in the south.
Climate diagrams for Pakistan’s various regions and cities offer an orientation with regard to the weather and climate diversity.