Ontario, Canada Weather and Climate
Ontario is a province in southeastern Canada and is home to around 13 million people. With the largest city in Canada (Toronto) and the country’s capital (Ottawa), Ontario is one of the most important regions in the country, both politically and economically.
The province borders on Québec in the east and Manitoba in the west, in the south there are five US states: Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania Michigan and New York.
There are a number of bodies of water between Ontario and the United States, including rivers and lakes. The region is divided into three different types of landscape: Half of the province is covered by the so-called Canadian shield, a rather barren but mineral-rich region. The second zone is the lowlands of Hudson Bay in the northeast with numerous swamps and forests.
The third zone and main region of Ontario is the fertile valley in the south, in which about 75 percent of the population of Ontario live. Ontario has five national parks and shares the popular Niagara Falls with the state of New York on the state border. Niagara Falls is the name of the sister cities on either side of the falls.
Toronto is about 6350 kilometers away from Frankfurt, the flight time is around 8.5 hours.
Climate in Ontario
In general, the seasons in Ontario are very pronounced. Southern and southeastern Ontario have a temperate climate with humid summers and cold winters. In the east and in the center of the province the climate is more continental than in the south, the summers here are quite short and warm, the winters rather long and cold.
In northern Ontario, the winters are the longest and coldest, and the summertime is comparatively very short. The climate is described here as subpolar. Compared to the south, there is less rainfall in the north. However, there is mostly continuous snow from October to May.
In general, there is regular rainfall in Ontario year round, but most of the rain falls in summer. In the provincial capital Toronto and Niagara Falls, which are around 80 miles away, it is pleasantly warm from June to mid- September with daytime temperatures of 25 to 27 degrees.
When to go to Ontario
Depending on your personal preferences, there are various recommendations for the best time to travel to the province of Ontario. Vacationers who like the Indian summer with colorful vegetation and mild temperatures should arrive in late autumn. The winter time is less recommended, especially for city trips, because of the sometimes enormous cold and heavy rainfall.
A phenomenon in winter is the so-called Lake Effect with its enormous thunderstorms and large snowfalls, in which cold sea air meets the stored warmth of the lakes unabated. In the north of the province there is usually constant ground frost and snow from November to April.
The main season in Ontario and the capital Toronto is between June and September in the warm and usually rather humid summer. The time from April to October is suitable for a visit to Niagara Falls, although the world-famous attraction is regularly extremely crowded and overcrowded in midsummer. The marginal months in early summer and the transition period to autumn can therefore be a good alternative.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Toronto (Ontario)
|Daytime temperature||-1 ° C||-0 ° C||4 ° C||12 ° C||18 ° C||24 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||22 ° C||15 ° C||8 ° C||1 ° C|
|Night temperature||-8 ° C||-7 ° C||-3 ° C||3 ° C||8 ° C||14 ° C||17 ° C||16 ° C||12 ° C||7 ° C||2 ° C||-5 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||46||46||57||64||66||69||77||84||74||63||70||66|
|Hours of sunshine||3||4||5||6||7||9||9||8||7||5||3||3|
The annual average temperature in Toronto is 8.9 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (21.8 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -4.4 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 782 mm on 134 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 9.1 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines an average of 5.6 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Regional Municipality of Peel, Regional Municipality of York, Mississauga, North York, Regional Municipality of Durham, Scarborough, Brampton, Regional Municipality of Halton, Etobicoke, Markham, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Oakville, Burlington, Ajax, East York and Milton.
Highlights and attractions
The most popular places in Ontario are the provincial capital Toronto, Niagara Falls and the state capital Ottawa. Special attractions in Ottawa include Parliament Hill, the Rideau Canal and the Canadian War Museum.
In Toronto, the Ripley’s Aquarium Of Canada, the delicacies of the St. Lawrence Market, the High Park, the Steam Whistle Brewery and the view from the CN Tower beckon.
Other attractions in Ontario include the Shaw Festival Theater, the Konzelmann Estate winery on Lake Ontario, a visit to the Sugarbush Hill Maple Farm in Huntsville and the Algonquin Provincial Park.
Ontario weather in March, April and May
Average daily temperatures between 4 ° C and 18 ° C can be expected over the next three months. May is still the mildest in Toronto, but March is noticeably colder..
In March, at about 12 days can be expected precipitation in April at about 12 days in May at about 12 days.
In the period from March to May , the sun shines an average of 5 to 7 hours a day. The sunniest weather in Toronto is in May, but with less sun you will have to get by in March.