Mozambique Weather and Climate
Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa and borders Tanzania to the north, South Africa and Swaziland to the south, and Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi to the west. The Indian Ocean is located in the east of Mozambique. Numerous rivers flow through the country, the largest of which is known as the Zambezi.
This country can be divided into four different zones according to the design of the surface: the lowland zone, the relatively low plateau area with about 200-500 meters, which follows the lowlands inland, as well as the higher plateau area up to about 1000 meters and the mountainous area, which at Rande lies and rises about 1500 meters in height. With a total area of over 800,000 km², Mozambique ranks 34th in the world.
Mozambique is largely a dry savannah. In the dry season, many trees shed their leaves and green again during the rainy season. Typical trees that occur in this dry savannah are baobabs and umbrella acacias. Furthermore, the grass can grow up to two meters high in the rainy season.
The population in this area is just under 29 million people, with over 43 percent of the population being under 15 years old. The majority of the population belongs to the Bantu peoples. Over 40 languages are spoken in this country, Portuguese is one of the main languages.
Climate in Mozambique
In Mozambique the so-called savanna climate prevails and the country belongs almost entirely to an alternately humid tropical region. Around 80% of the precipitation falls during the rainy season, which takes place from November to April. The temperatures are called tropical at around 25-30 ° Celsius.
However, the nights can be relatively humid, especially on the coasts, with around 15-25 ° Celsius. By and large, the climate in Mozambique can often vary widely and in some cases be unpredictable. The country is divided into three different climate zones: the northern and southern coastal regions and the particularly hot inland.
When is the best time to visit Mozambique?
The best time to visit Mozambique is from mid-April to September. The day and night temperatures are pleasant and an average day temperature of around 28 ° Celsius is measured. April and May in particular are the best times to enjoy the beauty of the landscape, which is still lush and green, before the drought takes effect.
The months July to September are particularly suitable for observing animals, as there is hardly any rain at this time and the barren vegetation offers fewer and fewer hiding spots. The animals now gather more and more frequently at the remaining water points. The temperatures are still very pleasant.
In October, It is slowly becoming more humid and the temperatures are now rising noticeably, although the climate is still good for a trip to Mozambique until November. Only at the end of November will the rains become increasingly heavy and restrictions may apply on some roads. December to March are not recommended for traveling.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Mozambique).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Maputo||March, April, May, June, July, August and September|
|Pemba||all except January, February, March and December|
|Tete||March, April, May, June, July, August and September|
|Beira||all except January, February, March and December|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Maputo (Mozambique)
|Daytime temperature||30 ° C||30 ° C||29 ° C||28 ° C||27 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||28 ° C||29 ° C|
|Night temperature||22 ° C||22 ° C||21 ° C||19 ° C||16 ° C||14 ° C||14 ° C||15 ° C||17 ° C||18 ° C||20 ° C||21 ° C|
|Water temperature||27 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||25 ° C||24 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||24 ° C||25 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||141||128||93||63||27||28||16||14||35||53||82||90|
|Hours of sunshine||8||8||8||8||9||8||9||8||8||7||7||7|
The annual average temperature in Maputo is 23 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is January (26.2 ° C), coldest month of July with averages of 19.3 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Maputo is 27 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. All months have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 770 mm on 62 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. You cannot expect snow in any month in Maputo.
As our climate table shows, May is the sunniest month with an average of 8.5 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 7.8 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Matola and Matola.
Sights & attractions in Mozambique
Mozambique is not only known for its nature, over the years, among other things, its culture has become an interesting attraction for many tourists. A very popular holiday destination is the city of Beira, which is ideal for a beach holiday due to the beautiful beaches.
There are also the holiday centers in Santa-Carolina, Zalala and Bazaruto, which have also become very well-known holiday destinations. The cities of Tofo and Maputo are also interesting cultural excursions. Last but not least, the national park also impresses with its size and beauty.