Mexico Weather and Climate
Geography & general
Mexico (Spanish: México) is a state in North America, only the southern part of the country – around 12% of the total area – is geographically part of Central America.
The largest Spanish-speaking country in the world borders the United States in the north and is bounded by Guatemala and Belize in the south. The area of Mexico is almost two million square kilometers, almost six times as large as the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Important regions of the country include the Yucatán peninsula with Playa del Carmen and the neighboring tourist center of Cancun, the famous coastal town of Acapulco on the Pacific, the Mayan stronghold of San Cristóbal de las Casas and the border town of Tijuana. In addition to the capital Mexico City, the cities of Monterrey, Puebla and Guadalajara are of enormous economic importance.
Mexico is a very diverse country with exciting geology. The largest part is determined by the prominent highland block, the edge of which towers like rock walls in front of the lowlands of the coastal areas.
The biodiversity in Mexico is particularly outstanding: with 763 reptile species, the country is number 1 worldwide, with 448 mammal species it is number 2 of the most species-rich countries in the world. The highest peaks are the mountains Citlaltépetl, Iztaccíhuatl and Popocatépetl (all over 5000 meters).
Climate in Mexico
The climate in Mexico is as varied as its altitude and landscape. Regionally, therefore, the climatic conditions differ from subtropical to alpine to a classic desert climate.
The southeast of Mexico is considered to be humid in summer and has tropical characteristics, while the west on the border with California has more of a winter rainy climate. In the most important tourist regions, especially the Yucatan and the area around Cancun, there are only minor temperature fluctuations.
The high humidity and the mostly enormous temperatures in May herald an extended rainy season in the southeast, the central highlands and some Pacific coastal areas. From June to September, falls the most rain in the country.
During the month of September, the hurricane season reaches its peak on the coasts of Mexico. The October is in most parts of the country for a reversal, while still expected in Yucatán with some heavy showers. From November the dry season ensures stability.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Mexico).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Mexico city||January, February, March and April|
|Merida||January, February, March, April, October, November and December|
|La Paz||all except June, July, August and September|
|Monterrey||January, February, March and April|
|Cancun||January, February, March, April, November and December|
|Playa del Carmen||January, February, March, April, May, November and December|
|Tulum||January, February, March, April and December|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Mexico City
|Daytime temperature||21 ° C||23 ° C||25 ° C||27 ° C||27 ° C||25 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||23 ° C||22 ° C||21 ° C|
|Night temperature||7 ° C||7 ° C||10 ° C||11 ° C||12 ° C||13 ° C||12 ° C||12 ° C||12 ° C||10 ° C||8 ° C||7 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||9||9||13||27||58||157||183||173||144||61||6||8|
|Hours of sunshine||7||8||7||7||6||5||5||5||5||6||7||6|
The annual average temperature in Mexico City is 16 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is May (18.6 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 13.4 ° C.
The annual precipitation is 848 mm on 110 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. The July is considered the rainy season, since in this month are expected to more than 175 mm of rainfall. You cannot expect snow in any month in Mexico City.
As our climate table shows, February is the sunniest month with an average of 7.5 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines 6.1 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Municipio Ecatepec de Morelos, Iztapalapa de Cuitláhuac, Ecatepec de Morelos, Nezahualcóyotl, Gustavo A. Madero, Gustavo A. Madero, Naucalpan de Juárez, Alvaro Obregón, Municipio de Tlalnepantla Baz, Coyoacán, Municipio Chimalhuacán, Tlalpan, Cuauhtémoc, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Tultitlán de Mariano Escobedo, Municipio Ixtapaluca, Ciudad López Mateos, Venustiano Carranza, Azcapotzalco, Iztacalco, Municipio Hidalazio, Iztacalito Romírez, Miguel Hidalazio, Cováarrolito Romírez, Nicárez, Nichuárez, Nichuárez, Covacarrolias, Roma San Francisco Coacalco and Colonia del Valle.