Kosovo Weather and Climate
Kosovo, which has only existed within its current borders since 1945, is located in the center of the Balkan Peninsula, a region also known as Southeastern Europe or the Western Balkans. The state of Kosovo covers an area of 10,905 km². It borders Serbia in the north and east, North Macedonia (hereinafter Macedonia) in the south, Albania in the south-west and Montenegro in the north-west. The capital of the country is Prishtina / Piština.
With regard to place names and spatial terms, there is a controversial, ethno-political discussion about which terms to use: Albanian, Serbian, or both. This can be illustrated using the example of the concept of space Kosovo. Today’s Kosovo is referred to by the Kosovar Albanians as Kosova by the Kosovar Serbs as Kosovo. The word Kosovo is derived from the Serbian place name for the blackbird field (Kosovo Polje) and can be translated as “belonging to the blackbird” (Serbian kos = blackbird, -ovo = possessive suffix). However, there are also alternative names, some with nationalistic tones, such as Dardania (the Dardanerare an Illyrian tribe that populated parts of Southeast Europe in antiquity) in Albanian or Kosovo i Metohija (short: Cosmet) in Serbian. The last mentioned term refers to the blackbird field (Serbian: kosovo polje) in the east of the country, as well as to the importance of the monasteries in the west of the country. The term Metohija comes from Byzantine and means church land. The Kosovar Albanians also call this part of Kosovo Rrafshi i Dukagjinit. There are two versions of most geographical names, the Albanian and the Serbian, and sometimes also a Turkish one.
In the following, both terms are sometimes given. However, if there is a clear reference to a purely Albanian or Serbian context or also to frequently used place names (e.g. Prishtina / Piština), this duplication is omitted selectively. For the name of the country and the area, the term Kosovo, which is widely used in German, is chosen on this country page of the LIPortal. Concerning. of the article the term “Kosovo” or alternatively only “Kosovo” is used (although “Kosovo” is also used in German).
The temperate continental climate prevails in Kosovo, synonymous with harsh winters, in which strong frost, snowfall and temperatures of -20 °C are not unusual, and hot summers with temperatures of over 30 °C. The average temperature for January and February is around freezing point. As a result, there are enormous temperature differences – the average temperature in Prishtinë / Pristina in summer is +35 °C, in winter it is -11 °C. In the mountain areas in particular, the winters are very snowy and can extend into spring. The summers here, however, are rather short. West Kosovo is more under the climatic influence of the Adriatic, whereas the north is much more influenced by continental air masses. The average rainfall is 720 mm per year,