Kazakhstan Weather and Climate
Kazakhstan is in the center of the Eurasian continent; Europe and Asia are connected there in the truest sense of the word, because the part of the state west of the Ural River belongs to Europe according to the old definition, the bulk of the territory to Asia.
Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world with an area of 2,724,900 km². It extends from the Caspian Sea in the west to the Altai in the east and from the Siberian lowlands in the north to the Kyzyl-Kum desert and the heights of the Tien Shan in the south. Its west-east extension is approx. 3,000 km, from its northernmost to the southernmost point it is approx. 2,000 km.
Kazakhstan is a landlocked country. It borders China (1,469 km), Kyrgyzstan (980 km), Turkmenistan (380 km), Uzbekistan (2,300 km), Russia (6,467 km).
Temperatures and rainfall vary on the size of the country regionally strong. However, the great distance from the world’s oceans leads everywhere to a decidedly continental climate with hot, dry summers compared to Central Europe, which abruptly change into very cold, low-precipitation winters. In the north it can get down to minus 45 ° C in winter, felt even more intensely by the strong wind, the Buran. In the southern areas it remains a little milder in winter, but the average temperature in summer is 30 ° C. However, the consequences of climate change have also been observed in Kazakhstan in recent years.