England, United Kingdom Weather and Climate

Geographical location

Abbreviated as ENG by abbreviationfinder, England is in northwestern Europe. England is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. England borders Scotland to the north and Wales to the west.

Over 54 million people live in an area of ​​around 130,000 square kilometers. This results in a population density of 417 inhabitants per square kilometer. In comparison: in Germany about 227 people live on one square kilometer.

However, this makes England the most densely populated country within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

It is a parliamentary monarchy. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, but the Prime Minister is the head of government. The capital London, the third largest city in Europe after Moscow and Istanbul, can be reached by plane from Düsseldorf in around 1 hour and 20 minutes.

Climate in England

England represents the south of Great Britain. This region is characterized by a humid oceanic climate. The weather is characterized by moderately warm summers and cool winter months. The Gulf Stream has a very strong influence on the climate. Due to the island location, very changeable weather can be expected all year round.

The south west of England is particularly shaped by the Gulf Stream. This ocean current transports a lot of warm air and ensures, among other things, that the winter months do not get colder than 8 ° C. Even after dusk, temperatures usually do not drop below zero ° C.

In the summer months, the temperatures in London rise to a maximum of 22 degrees, in Liverpool up to 20 degrees. In the north of England there is more rainfall during the year than in the southern regions. Here you can only expect 500 millimeters of rain per year.

When to go to England

The winter months in England are characterized by very little sunlight. Short days and a lot of rain make for an uncomfortable atmosphere. The best time to travel to England is from June to September. These months are characterized by lower rainfall than the spring and winter months. In addition, the temperatures are much more pleasant.

In England there seems to be a real summer with over 20 ° C and up to seven hours of sunshine a day. The spring month of May is recommended for all nature and botany lovers. Gardens and parks wrap themselves in colorful clothes and offer wonderful backdrops for long walks and hikes. If you prefer to go to the cities, you should opt for a trip in the summer months for climatic reasons.

Unfortunately, the good weather also brings with it a large number of people. So you should plan waiting times for many highlights and attractions, especially in the capital London. However, this does not spoil the experience in this wonderful city.

Optimal travel time for the regions

In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (England).

Place Best travel time
London May, June, July, August and September
Liverpool June, July, August and September

Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in London (England)

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daytime temperature 7 ° C 8 ° C 10 ° C 13 ° C 17 ° C 20 ° C 22 ° C 22 ° C 19 ° C 15 ° C 10 ° C 8 ° C
Night temperature 2 ° C 3 ° C 4 ° C 6 ° C 9 ° C 12 ° C 14 ° C 13 ° C 11 ° C 9 ° C 5 ° C 3 ° C
Water temperature 9 ° C 9 ° C 8 ° C 10 ° C 11 ° C 14 ° C 15 ° C 17 ° C 17 ° C 16 ° C 14 ° C 12 ° C
Precipitation in mm 53 36 48 47 51 50 48 54 53 57 57 57
Rainy days 15 11 13 13 13 11 10 11 11 12 14 13
Hours of sunshine 2 2 4 5 7 7 6 6 5 3 2 1
Sunrise 8:00 7:15 6:15 6:05 5:10 4:40 5:00 5:45 6:35 7:25 7:15 8:00
Sunset 16:20 17:15 18:00 19:55 8:45 pm 21:20 21:15 20:25 19:15 18:05 16:10 15:50


The annual average temperature in London is 11 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (18 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 4.8 ° C. The maximum water temperature in London is 17 ° C. Pleasant bathing is possible from temperatures of around 21 ° C. The months of August and September have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent.


The annual precipitation is 611 mm on 147 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March and December snowfall is possible.


As our climate table shows, June is the sunniest month with an average of 6.8 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines for 4.1 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.

Cities nearby

The following major towns are nearby and have similar climates: Borough of Medway, Sutton, Croydon, Southend-on-Sea, Slough, Chelmsford, Basildon, Dagenham, Maidstone, Crawley, Gillingham and Enfield Town.

Highlights and attractions

London in particular has countless cultural highlights to offer. The West End of London is home to a large number of musicals and drama. Visiting the district alone is highly recommended. Bloomsbury is home to one of London’s most famous museums, the British Museum. The Natural History Museum deserves a visit for its architecture alone.

You can enjoy a wonderful view on the world-famous London Eye, an absolute highlight of London. Other popular attractions in England include Windsor Castle, Stonehenge near Amesbury and the Minack Theater (Penzance). By the way, our favorite beach in England is Woolacombe Beach on the north coast of the English county of Devon.

England weather in March, April and May

Average daily temperatures between 9 ° C and 17 ° C can be expected over the next three months. It gets warmest in May in London, while March is noticeably cooler in Liverpool.

Do you want to go on a beach holiday? The water temperatures are in March, April and May 7-11 ° C. So the weather is not suitable for swimming.

In March it rains depending on the region of 13 (London) to 17 days (Liverpool), in April of 13 (London) to 16 days (Liverpool) and in May of 13 (London) to 15 days (Liverpool).

In the period from March to May , the sun shines on average between 4 and 7 hours a day. The sunniest weather in London is in May, but with less sun you will have to get by in March.

England, United Kingdom

England, United Kingdom Weather and Climate
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