Djibouti Weather and Climate
Djibouti is not only one of the hottest countries on earth; because of its small size, the climate is also relatively uniform throughout the national territory. The only deviations in the tropical, hot and dry desert climate result only from the different altitudes, which range from up to 150 m below sea level in the center to 2,000 m in the north and south.
It is warmest and driest on the coast and in the lowlands. From June to September the average (!) Temperatures are 35-36 ° C. At noon they can even rise to over 45 ° C. At night the thermometer hardly drops below 30 C. In summer the Chamsin, a hot, dry and dusty desert wind, also blows. It makes the heat even more unbearable. It is a little milder during the winter. The mercury column sinks to an average of 25-26 ° C. But even then the temperatures hardly drop below 20 ° C at night.
It is slightly cooler in the highlands.
It almost never rains in Djibouti. The annual rainfall of only 130-170 mm falls in the winter months. The maximum values are reached in the mountain regions. A rainy day in Djibouti is practically never to be experienced. All year round, the humidity in the lower areas is high, which makes the heat even more unbearable for visitors.
The water temperatures of the Red Sea are very pleasant by European standards, even in winter. During this time they move around 25 ° C. In midsummer the temperature rises to around 30 ° C.
Best time to travel to Djibouti
The best time to travel to Djibouti is clearly in winter, when the temperatures cool down slightly and roughly correspond to those of a European midsummer day. Then it’s not quite as humid and hot as usual. So if you want to plan a trip to Djibouti, you should opt for the months of November to March. Then occasional rains also provide some cooling.
The Gulf of Tadjoura in the Red Sea is a good place to spot whale sharks from October to early February. During this time there is a lot of plankton in the Gulf that attracts numerous whale sharks.
The summer months, on the other hand, are absolutely unsuitable for a trip to Djibouti. Not only is it unbearably hot at this time with temperatures during the day up to more than 45 ° C (in the shade!) And unprotected stays outdoors are not recommended due to the strong sunlight; the very hot and dry Khamsin wind then blows, which increases the feeling of heat even more.