Denmark Weather and Climate
The country Denmark lies north of Germany, the Federal Republic is also the only internal border to a neighboring country. The capital of the kingdom is Copenhagen, in whose metropolitan area over 1.3 million people live.
Overall, the Danish national territory covers around 43,000 square kilometers and is home to 5.7 million people. The population density is only around 130 inhabitants per square kilometer (for comparison in Germany: 223 people per km²).
Denmark is a so-called intercontinental country, since the official national territory includes the areas of the Faroe Islands and Greenland in addition to the Danish heartland between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. The Faroe Islands are geographically part of Europe, but Greenland is the largest island on earth in the arctic part of North America.
The official currency is the Danish krone, Denmark has not yet introduced the euro. The largest cities after the capital Copenhagen are Aarhus in Midtjylland, Odense in the Syddanmark region, Aalborg, Esbjerg and Randers.
Climate in Denmark
Denmark has a cool, temperate climate that is characterized by mild summers and cool winters. The popular travel destination in Scandinavia is almost completely surrounded by water, this natural barrier has a great influence on the weather and ensures maritime influences. This can be seen, for example, in the winter temperatures that have been moderated by the North Atlantic Current.
As a rule, permafrost rarely prevails even in winter, although the values are often below freezing at night, reaching between December and March, during the day, however, usually between 2 and 5 ° C. The west of Denmark has quite moderate rainfall, in the east of the country it is even drier. There is no rainy season, there can be little rain every month.
Statistically, most of the rain even falls in midsummer (July), but the weather at this time is largely comparable to that of northern Germany. The daytime temperatures are usually between 19 and 23 degrees, at night it cools down to 12 to 14 degrees. You can expect long days and lots of sunshine (up to 8.7 hours of sunshine per day) between May and August.
When to go to Denmark
The mild climate in summer offers ideal conditions for a vacation in Denmark and is therefore unreservedly recommended as the best travel time. The water temperatures at the Baltic Sea and North Sea are, however, more suitable for the “hard-boiled” all year round, as even in midsummer the sea rarely exceeds 17 degrees. On windless, particularly warm days, however, these values are ideal for a short refreshment – it is and remains a jump into the cool water.
The Danish island of Bornholm is known for its good summer weather; statistically, the climate there is particularly friendly for Danish standards. In autumn and spring you can no longer think of a beach holiday anyway, but then the temperatures are still good for a city trip or long walks by the sea.
Copenhagen in particular, but also many smaller cities, have their own charm in winter. So we would by no means generally advise against traveling to Denmark in winter, but summer is without a doubt the best time to travel to Scandinavia.
Optimal travel time for the regions
In the following overview you can see the best travel time depending on the region (Denmark).
|Place||Best travel time|
|Copenhagen||May, June, July, August and September|
|Aalborg||June, July and August|
|Spodsbjerg||May, June, July, August and September|
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Copenhagen (Denmark)
|Daytime temperature||2 ° C||2 ° C||5 ° C||11 ° C||16 ° C||20 ° C||22 ° C||21 ° C||18 ° C||12 ° C||7 ° C||4 ° C|
|Night temperature||-2 ° C||-3 ° C||-1 ° C||3 ° C||8 ° C||11 ° C||14 ° C||14 ° C||11 ° C||7 ° C||3 ° C||1 ° C|
|Water temperature||3 ° C||2 ° C||3 ° C||5 ° C||9 ° C||14 ° C||16 ° C||16 ° C||14 ° C||12 ° C||8 ° C||5 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||51||31||42||42||43||54||69||63||62||59||62||58|
|Hours of sunshine||1||2||4||6||9||9||8||7||6||3||2||1|
The annual average temperature in Copenhagen is 8.6 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (17.2 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of 0.5 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Copenhagen is 16 ° C. That is hardly suitable for swimming.
The annual precipitation is 636 mm on 114 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, April, November and December snowfall is possible.
As our climate table shows, June is the sunniest month with an average of 8.8 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year the sun shines 4.7 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Malmö, Lund Municipality, Helsingborg and Frederiksberg.
Highlights and attractions
For culture lovers, the capital Copenhagen has endless possibilities to offer. Whether the Royal Theater, the Opera House or the futuristically designed concert hall, Copenhagen has the right offer for every taste. The famous bronze sculpture of the Little Mermaid (Den Lille Havfrue) is a world famous landmark located in the city’s port. It is the symbol of Copenhagen and world famous.
Other well-known sights of Denmark are the castles Amalienborg and Rosenborg, the chalk cliffs Mön Klint and the rune stones of Jelling in the heart of Jutland. In Aarhus, the popular open-air museum and the Moesgaard Museum beckon, families with children especially love Legoland Billund. If you would like to go deep-sea fishing in Denmark, you will find boat rentals and fishing cutters in Spodsbjerg on the island of Langeland.