Canada Weather and Climate
Below you will find information about the climate and the best time to travel to Canada. We divide the destination into the following regions: Yukon, British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland, Rocky Mountains, Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto and Montreal.
In the following you will find a quick overview of the climate of all regions, you can also switch to the respective detail pages where you can find precise climate information including climate tables and diagrams for temperatures, precipitation and more.
In addition, we have evaluated all measured values and make a recommendation for each region of the travel destination Canada which months are best for a vacation from a climatic point of view.
The North American state of Canada lies between the Atlantic and the Pacific, in the north is the border with the Arctic Ocean. The United States of America is located in the south of Canada. There is another (sea) border with the Danish autonomous region of Greenland.
Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. Around 36 million people live in an area of almost 10 million square kilometers. This results in a population density of only around 3.5 inhabitants per square kilometer. The capital of the country is Ottawa in the southeast.
The north-south extension is 4634 kilometers at its largest point. Largest of the many Canadian islands is Baffin Island, which has an area of 507,451 square kilometers and is the fifth largest island in the world.
In the south-west of the country, the Rocky Mountains stretch along the coast of the Pacific from north to south. Canada has a total of six time zones. In addition to Ottawa, the largest metropolitan areas are in Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Québec and Winnipeg.
Climate in Canada
Due to its enormous area, Canada has four different climatic zones: The country has a polar, a maritime, a continental and a cool, temperate climate region with many regional characteristics. A cold climate prevails east of the Rocky Mountains, this region is exposed to the air currents of the Artkis.
West of the mountains you will find significantly milder temperatures. The Pacific Ocean has a very mild winter with lots of rainfall. The other parts of Canada are very cold and snowy in the winter months. Summers are comparatively short, with highs of 26 degrees in Toronto in the southeast. Similar high temperatures can be reached further inland.
When to go to Canada
A generalization of the best travel time for Canada is difficult to achieve. The most popular travel time in summer is from June to September, with many regions also offering good travel conditions in May. In the north of the country, the best travel time is focused on the months of July and August. In the interior of the country, the southern areas in particular are very warm in summer, but fresh temperatures can be expected in the coastal areas on the Atlantic.
The best time to travel to the Rocky Mountains for winter sports enthusiasts is in the months of December to February, but at this time many roads are difficult to drive due to the mass of snow. If you are more drawn to Alberta, British Columbia and Co to explore the countryside, nature shows itself in all its glory, especially in summer.
You can enjoy the so-called Indian Summer wonderfully, especially in New England, the play of colors is particularly impressive in the mild autumn months.
Highlights and attractions
In the southeast of Lake Ontario, south of Toronto, are the Niagara Falls. These should be taken into account in any case on a Canada trip, even if they are quite crowded in the high season. In Vancouver you will find the famous Stanley Park, an oasis in the middle of the big and colorful city. Quebec attracts with a wonderful old town and small winding streets, quaint shops and a very special atmosphere.
For all winter vacationers, the trip on the Peak 2 Peak Gondola in Whistler is recommended. The unique view is an absolute highlight. Other attractions in Canada are Lake Ontario with the Toronto Islands, the Wild Pacific Trail in Ucluelet and the Seawall in Vancouver. The northern Yukon region is often connected to the US state of Alaska as part of round trips.
The most important sights in Alberta are the beautiful city of Calgary and the wild and romantic places Banff, Jasper and Lake Louise with the lake of the same name, which is one of the most beautiful natural scenery in the world. The island of Newfoundland in the Atlantic and forms a province of its own with Labdrador. Adventure tours entice with whale watching and wonderful impressions, for example in the Gros Morne National Park.