Bulgaria Weather and Climate

Geographical location

According to COUNTRYAAH, Bulgaria is located in south-east Europe and is part of the Balkan Peninsula. The EU member borders with Romania in the north, with Serbia and Macedonia in the west. In the south are Turkey and Greece.

The Black Sea represents a natural border in the east. 7.2 million people live in an area of ​​110,994 square kilometers. Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria and is located in the west of the country. The Danube and Mariza rivers, with their numerous tributaries, form plains that make up two thirds of the country.

Mount Musala, in the south-west of the country, is the highest point in the entire Balkan Peninsula. Sofia is the capital of the Balkan state and is located in the west. Sofia is around 1,400 kilometers away from Frankfurt. The flight time is 2 hours and 15 minutes.

  • Abbreviation Finder: Check to see national geography, brief history, society description, domestic politics, economy overview, and a list of widely used acronyms about Bulgaria.

Climate in Bulgaria

Large parts of the country are characterized by a continental climate. The further you go to the east and thus the coast, the more Mediterranean the climate becomes. However, the temperatures differ only marginally. The temperatures are comparable to those in Germany. In the summer months of June, July and August, temperatures can rise to 27 degrees.

In winter they drop to zero degrees. In the coastal regions it remains a little milder at around 5 to 10 degrees. The differences in precipitation values ​​are also very small. The city of Varna is located on the coast and has hardly any rainfall in the summer months. In Sofia, the fall can be as much as 75 millimeters.

When to go to Bulgaria

The best time to travel to Bulgaria are June, July and August. Both inland and on the coast, the summer climate is warm and very constant. Whether a cultural holiday in Sofia or a beach holiday on Sunny Beach or Golden Sands, the weather provides the basis for a successful trip. The water temperature in Varna reaches up to 23 degrees. The famous golden beach offers everything that sunbathers and bathing holidaymakers expect.

Nothing stands in the way of a refreshing dip in the sea. In the interior of the country, the many nature parks and nature reserves can be easily visited and explored during this time. A trip with a cultural focus can also be done well during this time. In any case, you should head for the capital Sofia.

Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Sofia (Bulgaria)

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daytime temperature 2 ° C 5 ° C 10 ° C 16 ° C 21 ° C 24 ° C 27 ° C 27 ° C 23 ° C 16 ° C 9 ° C 4 ° C
Night temperature -5 ° C -3 ° C 0 ° C 5 ° C 10 ° C 14 ° C 16 ° C 15 ° C 11 ° C 7 ° C 3 ° C -2 ° C
Precipitation in mm 31 34 37 49 78 75 56 49 38 35 53 44
Rainy days 7 6 6 9 11 10 8 5 5 6 7 7
Hours of sunshine 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 8 7 5 3 2
Sunrise 7:55 7:25 6:40 6:45 6:05 5:50 6:00 6:30 7:05 7:40 7:20 7:50
Sunset 17:20 17:55 18:30 20:05 20:40 21:05 21:05 20:30 19:40 18:45 17:05 16:55


The average annual temperature in Sofia is 10.4 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is July (21.4 ° C), coldest month of January with mean values of -1.7 ° C.


The annual precipitation is 579 mm on 87 days with precipitation. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. In the months of January, February, March, November and December is possible snowfall.


As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 8.5 hours of sunshine per day. On average over the year, the sun shines for 5.4 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.

Cities nearby

The following larger towns are nearby and have a similar climate: Pernik.

Highlights and attractions

There is a lot to discover culturally in Sofia. Sofia is Bulgaria’s center for cultural life. The Ivan Vazov National Theater shows operas and ballet. The former party building of the Communist Party of Bulgaria was built in the style of Socialist Classicism. In the evening, this building is clearly illuminated and offers a great photo opportunity. In the north-east of the country, in the village of Madara, the Madara riders can be found. This monumental rock relief has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a real highlight.


Bulgaria Weather and Climate
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