Bermuda Weather and Climate
Bermuda is a self-governing British overseas territory in the western North Atlantic. It forms an archipelago of 7 main islands and about 170 other islets and rocks, about 1050 km east of Cape Hatteras (North Carolina, USA).
The Bermudas are neither geologically nor spatially connected to the West Indies, which are more than 1300 km south and southwest. The entire archipelago is about 40 km long and an average of 1.6 km wide.
The main Bermuda islands are grouped in the shape of a fish hook and connected by bridges. The largest island is Main Island, 14 miles long and one mile wide. The peak, at 79 meters on the main island, is the highest point. The capital is Hamilton. The coral islands consist of a 60-meter-thick layer of marine limestone that covers an extinct and submerged volcanic mountain range that rises more than 4,300 meters above the sea floor.
Virtually all of the larger Bermuda Islands are inhabited, with Main Island having the greatest concentration of people. In fact, the island state of Bermuda has one of the world’s highest population densities. About three-fifths of the population are of mixed or purely African descent, including immigrants from the West Indies or their descendants, Cape Verdeans, and descendants of slaves brought from other parts of the New World or from Africa before Britain banned the slave trade in 1807.
Fair-skinned people make up another third of the population and include both British and Americans, as well as descendants of Portuguese workers from Madeira and the Azores who immigrated to Bermuda since the mid-19th century.
English is the official language, but Portuguese is also spoken. Christianity predominates and about a sixth of the population is Anglican. Bermuda’s population growth is very low compared to that of other states. Less than a fifth of the population is younger than 15 years.
Climate in the Bermuda Islands
The Bermuda archipelago has a very mild climate due to the influence of the Gulf Stream, but it is not a tropical paradise, at least not in winter. The annual rainfall is around 1,400 millimeters. The rain is fairly evenly distributed over the seasons, as the weather flow in winter is replaced by tropical rain in the summer months.
The driest months are April and May while the rainiest month is October. In winter, from November to mid-April, the temperatures are very mild, with highs of 22 to 24 degrees. In addition, the weather is quite changeable and it is more often cloudy.
Summer in Bermuda is hot and humid, with highs around 30 degrees in the shade (July and August). However, the steady sea breeze softens the heat pleasantly.
Strictly speaking, rain falls on Bermuda every now and then throughout the year. A very classic, clearly separable rainy season cannot be made out. Nevertheless, in recent years it has been shown again and again that the rainfalls in summer are mainly short, heavy showers and thunderstorms in the evening. During the day it is usually very pleasantly summery and the sun shines an average of 9 to 10 hours a day.
The Bermuda Islands lie in the catchment area of tropical cyclones (hurricane belt) and there is a risk, especially in late summer, that individual hurricanes will streak the islands. Statistically speaking, the risk is highest in September and October, with the hurricane season officially running from June to November.
When is the best time to travel to Bermuda?
Due to the favorable climate, there is no unequivocally best time to travel to Bermuda, because the whole year is generally suitable for a trip. In winter mainly for relaxing, doing sports or exploring nature, in summer mainly for swimming and sunbathing. On the other hand, there are the restrictions already mentioned in summer and it can get very humid.
The bottom line is that despite the hurricane season, the summer months from June to the beginning of October are the most popular with beach holidaymakers, while surfers choose February and March as the best travel time. Golfers love the winter months from November to March.
Temperatures, precipitation, sunshine in Hamilton (Bermuda)
|Daytime temperature||20 ° C||20 ° C||20 ° C||22 ° C||24 ° C||27 ° C||29 ° C||30 ° C||29 ° C||26 ° C||24 ° C||21 ° C|
|Night temperature||16 ° C||15 ° C||16 ° C||17 ° C||20 ° C||23 ° C||25 ° C||25 ° C||24 ° C||22 ° C||20 ° C||17 ° C|
|Water temperature||20 ° C||19 ° C||19 ° C||20 ° C||21 ° C||24 ° C||26 ° C||27 ° C||26 ° C||25 ° C||23 ° C||21 ° C|
|Precipitation in mm||125||113||109||89||78||130||118||131||128||167||105||114|
|Hours of sunshine||5||5||6||8||8||9||10||9||8||6||6||5|
The annual average temperature in Hamilton is 22.1 ° C. For comparison: Munich reaches an average of 8.6 ° C, in Berlin it is 9.6 ° C. The warmest month is August (27.6 ° C), coldest month of February with averages of 17.6 ° C. The maximum water temperature in Hamilton is 27 ° C. Comfortable bathing is possible at these temperatures. All months have a water temperature of at least 17 ° C. Bathing is then possible to a limited extent. All except January, February, March and April have a water temperature of at least 21 ° C and are therefore suitable for a beach holiday.
The annual precipitation is 1407 mm. For comparison: In Munich, 967 mm, in Berlin 570 mm, precipitation is measured annually. There is no rainy season, i.e. months with more than 175 mm of precipitation. You cannot expect snow in any month in Hamilton.
As our climate table shows, July is the sunniest month with an average of 9.9 hours of sunshine per day. In the annual mean, the sun shines an average of 7.1 hours per day. For comparison: In Munich and Berlin, the sun shines an average of 4.7 hours per day throughout the year.
Sights & attractions
Although even the main island of Grand Bermuda is very small and you can get from one end to the other by taxi or scooter in about an hour, the island is full of many sights and tourist attractions. The South Shore Beaches are particularly popular with their pink sand. Fort Hamilton, a fortress not far from the capital, is also well worth seeing. One of the highlights is a visit to the stalactite caves Crystal Caves and Leamington Caves. Several splendid churches have been built on the islands by the various denominations, some of which are the oldest in the world and of great historical importance. There are also many historical sites, beautiful parks, gardens, nature reserves, lakes and harbors, and much more.